Wednesday, May 27, 2015

O Que Ela Cantou?

Soundcloud do meu relato pessoal gravação.
Neste bimestre, Dona Lau ensinou-me mais tempos verbais. Neste último bimestre, minhas colegas e eu aprendemos sobre o pretérito perfeito e pretérito imperfeito (simples). Mas, essas semanas eu aprendi sobre o preterito mais que perfeito, e o pretérito imperfeito composto. Para melhorar nosso entendimento dos tempos verbais, nós escrevemos um relato pessoal. Eu acho que esse projeto foi muito bom.
A primeira parte desse projeto foi que eu deveria escolher um evento. Eu escolhi o que tinha acontecido no ano passado. Quando eu fiz um solo para uma música de coral, e eu cantei as palavras erradas. Mas, minha professora, Ms. Mussete, falou para a audiência que nós iríamos cantar a música de novo, e dessa vez eu cantei as palavras corretas. Depois disso, eu classifiquei como qual tema essa história é: comedia, romântica, embaraçosa, etc. Agora, eu comecei com escrever!
Durante desse projeto, eu acho que eu representei o core value reflexivo. Eu falo isso porque eu tinha muitas histórias que eu posso contar, mas eu escolhi essa sobre o solo. Eu fui idem quando eu falei as momentos positivos mas também negativos. Por exemplo, eu também só poderia falar sobre quando eu cantei tudo muito bem, mas eu inclui o momento grande quando eu falei as palavras erradas. 
Eu acho que antes deste projeto, eu sempre achei: por que Rosanne? Por que? Você era muito embaraçosa. Mas, quando eu escrevi sobre essa história, eu entendi que esse foi um momento superação. Se você quer aprender uma coisa de um momento, eu sei agora que você pode olhar para o lado brilhante da vida.

Monday, May 25, 2015

ISIS: It Has No Limits, No Boundaries, and No Mercy.

This was my modern conflict presentation; a video. Watch it by clicking on this link!

A conflict is a negative thing. It ruins people in various ways. Although when researching for my modern conflict, ISIS, I journeyed to the conclusion that a human is mostly affected internally.

Firstly, their beliefs could change. This could happen in various ways. For example, ISIS forces people to embrace Islam and to join their caliphate. If people don't listen to the militants, they'll be forced to pay protection money or be tortured or murdered in a terrifying manner by the Islamic State. Secondly, many people's mindset alters, regarding decision making during wartimes. This change is different for everyone. Some people start hiding away to stay safe while others stand strong and ready to fight. On the other hand, some people enjoy their last moments while they can. Such as the 26-year-old who wants to remain anonymous: "I do not want to leave. I want to die in my city." (CNN) During his interview with the press he says that four years ago he was anxious to leave his city because of a civil war, but now, even though the horrific Islamic group has conquered their city, and have the ability to hurt and to slaughter, he stands strong. To add on, this shows how people can also be affected by previous conflicts.
Finally, a person's perception of someone else changes. When one person normally wouldn't do something, perhaps they could turn out to be different. An interesting scenario occurred was when British school girls, two 15-year-olds and one 16-year-old, hopped on a flight to Turkey, and then further to Syria to marry jihadists part of the IS. The police chief who told the press all about the issue said “in hindsight we now know that these girls were planning to go and neither the family, the police, the school nor anyone else realised that.” (Huffington Post) As was stated, nobody had knowledge of the trip that the girls were going on. Their mother had added that they were the average teenage girl, and the decision was unexpected. In sum, internal problems occur when in the midst of a conflict. The issue possessing a person's mind changes someone's ideas, he/she finds differences in the decision making, and the perception of other people alters. Conflicts should not do this, however ongoing terrorism and such is unstoppable. 
As you might have briefly understood, the Islamic State is a vicious, but ambitious group, and is hungry for more power. Now, many people are starting to form predictions to guess the expansion and such of ISIS. From my researched knowledge, I, as well as others, can conclude that the Islamic Group will not stop to cause destruction, devastation, and damage to be able to increase their boundaries, conquer more land, and expand the Islamic ideology. Their group, with a guessed minimum of at least 200,000 militants (Independent), is capable of spreading further than they already are. Before this weekend, the terrorist group was losing some territory against the Iraqi and Syrian army, however, news articles state they are taking back more land. An example is the ancient city Palmyra, in Syria, where they stormed in last week and just yesterday slaughtered over 200 people. Although Syrian air strikes were launched, the militants weren't as affected as the ancient ruins. (CNN) Concludingly, the Islamic State is a strong and powerful group, ready for anything. Expanding their group and their area is something unstoppable at the moment, however trying to stop them with more military power or air strikes could be the first step towards the end of their rule.

Economies Around the World

Since two weeks ago, my Geography class and I have been working on our second infographic. This one was focused on the economies in three different countries of our choice. I picked the Dominican Republic, located in the Caribbean, Germany situated in Europe, and Sri Lanka which is in South Asia. For this project I researched data about the unemployment rates, their GNP per capita, and their inflation rates over a period of time.

        From this project, I've learned many facts about the countries economies. Firstly, five years ago the unemployment rate in the Dominican Republic was at 12.4%. From then and now, the rate increased by 2.2%, to end at a high 14.6%. After doing some research, I found out that a reason for this change could be that jobs in the D.R. are limited unless you work for a particular in-demand industry or you have specific skills for a specific job. Furthermore, in Germany, the rate decreased by 2.4%, and is currently standing at 4.7 percent. A very important factor that could explain the lowering of the rate is education. Germany is a country that values knowledge, and because of that they have a great learning programme. An interesting fact, is that over 80% of Germany's workforce had a formal vocational training, which is when you follow a specific course. This is a good thing, because then people can do their job well, which helps the country and its economy. Thirdly, in Sri Lanka, annually, around 140,000 students complete their general education without learning any specific job-related skills. This isn't a positive number, because when people aren't specialized in a specific skill, the job can't be done to its best ability. Although, its unemployment rate is quite low. It's currently standing at a low 4.2 percent, while 5 years ago this number was 0.7% higher.
        Moving on to the Gross National Product, currently in the Dominican Republic this number is at 11,630 US dollars, while 5 years ago this was $10,520. As is seen, the number increased by over 1000. A fact that could sustain this is that an estimated 200,000 Dominican People, or 8% of their workforce, are employed in foreign-owned companies. Through President Leonel Fernandez, the country has also become an appealing investment destination and has established valuable trading links with its Latin American and Caribbean neighbours. The United States wants to take advantage of these links and things the D.R. can act as a leadership role in enlarging investment in the region. Now, most citizens on our world have heard of the Ford car company, BMW, Porsche, and Mercedes-Benz. This is because they are all very successful German car companies. As a matter of fact, Germany is the third largest automobile manufacturer in the world, after the United States and Japan, with almost 730,000 workers in the sector. The production of cars in this European country has been very helpful, as it has contributed to the GNP per capita. Five years ago, this number was only $40,390. From then and now, it has increased by $4,620, making it a high $45,010.
Lastly, Sri Lanka, which now a days has a gross national product of $9,470 US dollars. It increased by $2,140 over the last five years. A factor that contributes to the improvement, is related with tourism. In 2014, over 1.5 million tourists from around the world arrived in this south-Asian country, while five years ago, this amount was only 654,476.
        The final part of my infographic explains the inflation rates. According to the Central World Bank, the vast decrease in Dominican Republic's inflation rate was due to lower food and non-alcoholic beverage prices. The D.R.'s inflation rate went down since 2010; it lowered around 3.3%, from 6.3% to 3 percent. Next, in the European country, the rate first increased from 1.1% to 1.5%, although then it decreased to 0.9%, which is where the number is at now. Reports are stating that the lower rate is mainly due to car fuels, where the prices had dropped 3.4% in 2013, as well as by reduced costs for heating oil, which went down 6 percent. As a final point, in Sri Lanka, the inflation rate at first increased by 0.7%, however it decreased by a vast 3.6% after such a slow change before. This is most likely due to the fact that the newly elected president, Maithripala Sirisena, and the government, reduced the prices of food and energy and lowered utility rates in line with an electoral pledge.
        To conclude, Germany had overall the best scores. If we look at the current rates, the European country beats the three other nations. For example, their GNP per capita is a high of $45,010 while the other two countries are less than 12,000 US dollars. Additionally, the most improved rates overall, came from Sri Lanka. To prove this, their inflation rate started out as 6.2 percent, then went higher to 6.9%,  but dropped to 3.3%.
        Clearly, I have learned many new numbers and facts from my countries economies. They all vary in many different ways, and they all have a plethora of reasons for their unique trends.

        From making two infographics for Geography now, I understand that using this presentation format is a very easy way to display numerical data. For example, the Piktochart programme lets a user create interesting graphs or visual representations of the statistics that the person has collected or research. When presenting and sharing about this type of information, it wouldn't be handy to show a bundle of numbers on a Prezi, as that would be confusing and displeasing to the eye. Furthermore, my most recent infographic is better on a variety of levels compared to my most recent presentation. On of the opposites that stood out to me the most was how busy the first infographic was compared to the second. One of the reasons for this was the use of colours. As is seen in the image below, this is a slide from my first infographic. The boldness and the largeness of the small paragraph of text on the right makes it look important although the graph is supposed to be the center of attention, whereas in the picture below, it shows the citation was put a bit smaller.
Furthermore, the use of colours was worked on. The Dominican Republic-slide has a yellow background, and the graph has a yellow bar. Luckily, the two shades are a little different, although the chart is harder to see. Also, the numbers on the side of the graph and the labels are a challenge to read as well. The last comment is that the graph is a very common graph, and so not super interesting and/or intriguing. To contrast, the German-slide has a clearer colour combination. It has a white center background, therefore the text is all easier to read, however the purple border gives it a nice tint of colour. Additionally, even though the data isn't represented in an actual graph, it is still legible, understandable and attractive. A final comparison is that the graphics and citations all fit together in my second slide. Since I'm explaining the GNP per capita by using an example of Germany's car industry, I add images of their automobile brands and other vehicle-related things. On the other hand, the D.R.'s slide is explaining unemployment rates while a picture of a sunny beach is demonstrated with a Dominican flag and a palm tree. In sum, overall, I have improved my infographics. The organization, the images, use of colour, and meaning of parts of the slide has shown growth over the course of the two presentations.

     Due to the infographics presentations in my Geography class, I've learned a few things about making my data look intriguing to the audience. Firstly, colours can change a whole presentation. If there is a special scheme throughout the slides or just one particular slide, it makes it more pleasing to the eye. Also, keeping a consistency with the colour tones creates are more easy-to-understand presentation. If a light piece of text is placed on a bright background, the information isn't going to be legible. Same goes for dark on dark. Instead of doing that, stacking darker colours on top of lighter colours or vice versa since it ensures the fact that things are able to be read or seen. Furthermore size and format of the text on the screen is important to be payed attention to. For instance, the title is most often a large piece of text strewn across the top of the page, while a piece of information could be smaller and lower on the slide. In addition, when including images, the presenter has to make sure they relate to whatever the person is talking about. If a pony is featured on the slide, but the topic of the speech is black holes, the image most likely should be removed. Moreover, the audience could get distracted by the other picture and therefore pay less attention to what the speaker is trying to say. Lastly, the organisation of everything included is very important. Having things all over the place does not attract an audience at all. A neat, clear presentation with an additional image or interesting colour receives an fascinated eye from someone instead of a visual that has colours and shapes everywhere of all different sizes, with graphs half visible. When these skills are mastered, a fantastic visual will emerge, and the audience will nod their heads in approval.

Monday, May 11, 2015

Pizza Investigation - Large or Small?

A practice investigation to help us prepare for our final unit test, was the pizza investigation. When doing this activity, we had to define which pizza was a better deal and why. Some of the calculations we did was for the unit price and the area of the pizza's.

Down below you can see the full document. Or, you can click the link to access the google document.

Pizza… Which one is a better deal?
Topics to be covered in this investigation:
Area and Circumference of circles, unit price (unit rate), percentage increase, proportional thinking, literal equations  (d=c/pi), volume and surface area.

Part I:
Your Task: Compare the two pizzas below and determine which one is a better deal.  
On the pizza menu, you have a choice between these two pizzas:
Large: Small:
12 inch pizza for $10.99 9 inch pizza for $7.99

Large pizza: Area: 113.04
Unit price: $0.973
Small pizza: Area: 63.59
Unit price: $0.13
The large pizza is a better deal because the unit price is lower. Therefore you can get more pizza per square inch for a cheaper price.

Extension Questions
  • How much should the small pizza cost if the two pizzas are supposed to be equal in value?  
  • What is the percentage difference between the original price of $7.99 and the new price?
  • Explain why this new price would make the pizzas ‘proportional’ in price.
Since their unit prices are the same, none of the pizza’s are over-priced. The two pizza’s now have the same value per square inch.

Part II:
A large pizza has a circumference of about 66.9 inches and costs $13.85. A small pizza has a circumference of about 50.2 inches and costs $9.50. (Hint: what does it mean if a pizza is “66.9 inches” ?)

  • How much is does each pizza cost per square inch?
Large pizza: Area: 356.15
Unit price: $0.038
Small pizza: Area: 200.96
Unit price: $0.047
  • Compare the two pizzas to find out which one is a better deal or if they are proportional in price.
The large pizza is a better deal. This is because the unit price is lower. Because of this, you can get more pizza per square inch.

Part III:
Research and answer the guiding questions below for Volume and Surface Area.

Volume is the the measurement of the space inside an object. We use this to determine how much something can hold or how big it is.
Surface area is the measurement of all the sides of a 3-dimensional figure. We use this to determine how large something is.
  • What are some everyday applications or examples where we might use volume?
We could use the volume of an object to know if it fits in our locker. For example, if I want to fit a big bag in my locker, I could use the volume.
  • What are some everyday applications or examples where we might use surface area?
Architects could use the surface area for blueprints and such when building.

Extra Problem:
A 12 inch pizza comes in a square box that is 13 inches across, and 2 inches deep.  
442 inch.
338 inch2
The makers of this pizza want to save money by using less cardboard in the box, so they make a round box with a diameter of 13 and a depth of 2 inches.
  • Do you think the pizza will fit in this new box?  Why?
Yes, because the diameter of the pizza is 12, so it would fit in a pizza box with a diameter of 13. If the pizza were in the box, it would still have 1 inch to fill up.
  • How much less cardboard will they need to make the new box?  (what percent of the original box is this?)
  • What is the volume of the new box?

Thursday, May 07, 2015

Fighting for Both

Recently my 7th grade geography class and I completed our Contemporary World Issue. This is where we researched into a complex topic of our choice, learnt about it, and found solutions to the problem. For this project, I wanted to learn more about gender inequality, and how it is affecting people.

In the beginning, when finding out what gender inequality is, I discovered that this isn’t just the injustice of women being paid less than men in the modern world, it is so much more. There are factors such as education and religion that are important as well. Since I wasn’t ready to decide about which part appealed to me the most, I did some background research about all the different aspects of gender inequality. Close to the middle of the research process, I had thought of three parts to focus on for my final presentation:
  1. How it all started, 
  2. Gender wage gaps, 
  3. What men are saying/doing about this, and how this issue affects them.
For all three parts I had to find solutions, and in the end I had to give my own opinion about gender inequality.

To start off, inequality among the genders was already found centuries back. The director of the Institute for Humanities Research at Arizona State University, Sally Kitch, performed an investigation where she traced 300 years of history, trying to find out why the world sees men and women so differently. Kitch directed her attention to different categories to see how her investigation (that racial judgment affected gender inequality) would have changed throughout centuries. After thorough research, investigation, and interviews, she found that the main reason for the inequality, was having a child. She explained that: “for some reason, societies have decided that there’s something inherently inferior about having a female body and producing offspring.” A fact that proves this in the present, is that in the UK, a report by the Equal Opportunities Commission tells us that 30,000 females lose their jobs because they bear a child. Unfortunately, Sally Kitch discovered that the only communities from the past that actually achieved gender equality, were the ones who took romantic physical interaction and reproduction out of the equation, and those were only the minority.

Furthermore, I looked into the effects of the unfairness in a working environment. I found out some unknown facts to most people. For example, females who work in the European Union earn an average of 16.4% less than what men earn. This number varies per country though; in Poland the gap is only 2%, while in Estonia it is over 27%. Also, around the EU, the difference in average gross hourly earnings between females and males still remains at a high 15%. There are many more percentages that prove inequality, such as 8% of French women have part-time jobs involuntarily, while that’s only 2.8 percent of French men. Or here, in South America; the number of women contributing in the workforce has enlarged from 49.2% in 2000, to 52.9% in 2010. Although it is still below mens percentage, which is 79.6%. But now that we know these numbers, what can we do to reduce these gaps between men and women? There is a group known as “European Institute for Gender Equality” who works within the European Union's framework of initiatives. One of the things they’ve done in 2010 is launch the “Women Inspiring Europe” program, which aims to promote the achievements of women. This way, females can get more of the attention they deserve. Additionally, the Women’s Refugee Company is looking at the gender inequality situation, and is saying that the ‘key to success’ is giving the women a voice, and then enlisting powerful men in the cause.  

The strongest way to involve the 'powerful males' in the cause is to convince them that they would benefit as much as women when there is equality among genders, experts said at the United Nations. They pointed out that if people start to accept gender equality and stop listening to stereotypes against the genders, this would help end the discrimination. Thus, it would give men more opportunities to do jobs that women do, it would let them work more in a household, which would increase bonds within the family, and if that happens then women can enter the workforce more.

To further build on the point of men, I developed more interest in the male aspect and pondered what their part was in this issue. Emma Watson, the world-famous British actor and UN Women Goodwill Ambassador pointed out in a speech: “the more I have spoken about feminism, the more I have realised that fighting for women’s rights has too often become synonymous with man-hating.” The part of her powerful speech that spoke to me the most, was when she stated that: “we don’t often talk about men being imprisoned by gender stereotypes, but I can see that they are, and that when they are free, things will change for women as a natural consequence. If men don’t have to be aggressive in order to be accepted, women won’t feel compelled to be submissive. If men don’t have to control, women won’t have to be controlled.” After her speech, she opened her campaign called HeForShe. This is for men to speak up and help end this on-going unfairness. The initiative is meant to act as a platform for men who are inspired to help. Their website informs that "men and boys need to be part of the global movement to promote women’s rights both as advocates and stakeholders, who need to change to make gender equality a reality for all. This is not about women or men, it is about crafting a shared vision of human progress for all – about creating a solidarity movement between women and men for the achievement of gender equality." After opening this campaign in late 2014, already over 280.000 men have joined to lend a hand.

In sum, gender inequality isn't something that can be solved in the blink of an eye, although with everybody helping, we can take small steps towards a fair society. Even though taking reproduction and romantic physical interaction out of people's lives would be impossible, and obviously people would disagree with this solution, other things can be done. Wage-gaps can be evened out when people stop thinking racially when hiring, but look at the qualities of a person. Also, as was mentioned, the EIGI is promoting woman's achievements to give them more (positive) attention. As for the men, if they start ignoring the ever-lasting stereotypes that rule our society, then women will get their fairness. Just like Emma Watson claimed that the solution of gender inequality lies in the change of behaviour of the men and in the environment they live. Obviously, these solutions are not things that can be invented, they come from within a person and from the society that they are part of. People need a reason to change the issue.

That's why I think that making people aware of existing gender inequality is a very important factor that will help improve this situation. If nobody knows about the problem, how can they solve it? Furthermore, I whole-heartedly agree with the solutions that the experts and organisations mentioned. I want to help contribute as much as possible. No-one in this world has the right to treat someone differently or unfairly because of their gender. That's why I believe we have to fight for both.

As you might have been able to tell, I've learnt many new things. Such valuable pieces of information, as well. This project really helped me to understand the importance of the equality among genders, and I'm really happy I chose this topic to do my CWI on. Overall, I enjoyed this process very much. 

Works Cited
Cole, Nicki Lisa. “Full Transcript of Emma Watson’s Speech on Gender Equality at the UN.” Sociology About., 2014. Web. 26 Apr. 2015. <>.

European Institute for Gender Equality. “Initiatives.” European Institute for Gender Equality. European Union, 2010. Web. 26 Apr. 2015. <>.

“Gender Inequality and Women in the Workplace.” Harvard Summer School. President and Fellows of Harvard, 2014. Web. 29 Apr. 2015. <>.

“Gender Inequality: Pay.” Revolting Europe. Revolting Europe, n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2015. <>.

“Home.” HeForShe. UN Women, 2014. Web. 26 Apr. 2015. <>.
Kitch, Sally. “What Are the Roots of Gender Inequality Women’s Rights, Race, and Reproduction.” Newswise. Newswise, 1 June 2012. Web. 26 Apr. 2015. <>.

“100 Million Women in Latin America’s Labour Force.” International Labor Organisation. International Labor Organisation, 8 Mar. 2014. Web. 29 Apr. 2015. <>.

Reuters. “Gender Equality: What’s in It for Men?” New York Times. New York Times Company, 12 Mar. 2015. Web. 26 Apr. 2015. <>.
Tournai, Belgique. “Man and Woman Silhouettes.” Wikimedia. Wikimedia, 2 July 2010. Web. 26 Apr. 2015. <>.

Here are the slides from my presentation. For this, I used a free program called Canva.

Tuesday, May 05, 2015

Eating Healthier.

This is a picture of my food plates. As you can see, it's a healthy mix if whole-wheat rice. Mixed in with that are some steamed vegetables such as paprika and carrots. On top of that, they are some small chunky bits of chicken in there. On the left side in a small bowl is my desert. It has yoghurt, some oats, and fresh banana slices. For my drink, I have a health, fresh orange juice.

Grains: Whole-weat rice, oats.
Protein: Chicken.
Vegetables: Paprika, beans, and carrots.
Fruits: Banana, orange.
Dairy: Yoghurt.